What is environmental degradation, what are its causes, and how to respond?

IDS Working Paper cover
Ian Scoones
Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex
Publication date

What is environmental degradation and what are its causes? It seems an obvious question, but it’s not. This short study identifies five explanations of the root causes of environmental degradation widely applied in policy debates and promoted by different actors. Each suggests a very different interpretation of causes and effects with contrasting implications for research design, policy and practice.